The world has experienced several epidemics, the worst of which is the Spanish flu epidemic. It spread throughout the world in the early twentieth century, From January 1918 to December 1920. About 500 million cases of the flu have been reported, of which about 50 million have died
Powerful countries at the time were aware of the epidemic but did not report it to the media. The reason for this is because of the outbreak of World War I and the fear of the masses. Spain reported it in late May 1918. It was therefore called “Spanish Flu”. The deadly flu virus is the Influenza A H1N1 virus. No one was able to find a vaccine for this virus. The epidemic began in the United States, according to reports.
Early in January 1918, the first infected person was found in a military hospital receiving treatment for hundreds of thousands of patients suffering from accidents and disabilities during World War I. Albert Gitchell, an officer training soldiers at a military base called “Fort Riley Kansas”, became the first patient. The fever infected about 500 soldiers in just a few days. By March, it had been spread to several parts of the country. About 84,000 soldiers in the United States had lost their lives in a similar time. Reports say that about 1 in 6 people were diagnosed with the epidemic at the time.
The highest number of deaths due to Spanish flu is from the Asian continent, about 36 million died. India accounts for more than half of the Asian deaths, which is approximately 18.5 million. About 20 million people have been infected in China, including 4 million deaths. In Indonesia, about 1.5 million people died, while 3.8 lakh people died in Japan and About 3.2 lakh people died in Afghanistan.
About 1.5 million deaths were reported from the continents of North America and South America. The United States, with the largest number of deaths. It is approximately 675,000. Nearly 3 lakh deaths have been reported in Mexico. More than 50,000 people died in Canada. Three lakhs of people were killed in Brazil along with the then President of Brazil, Rodrigues Alves.
Europe accounts for 2.3 million deaths, the highest number of deaths in Europe, is followed by Russia. About 3.9 lakh deaths were reported from Italy, two lakhs of deaths were reported each from the UK, France, and Germany.
Spain also reports 2.5 lakh of deaths. About 2.4 million deaths were reported in the African continent, with Nigeria accounting for the highest number of deaths, at around 4.5 lakh. Three lakhs of deaths were reported from South Africa. 1.5 lakh of people died in Kenya .
Spanish flu got also spread in Sri Lanka and is suspected to originate mainly in the Colombo portend is believed to have spread from the Talaimannar canal. There was a rapid growth in the North and South and got spread slowly in the Central Province. Nearly 600,000 people were infected in Sri Lanka and the death toll was about 91,000. According to reports, about 92 to 95% of all deaths were under the age of 65.
Approximately 25% of all pregnant women died from the disease. The number of pregnant mothers who survived but lost their children was about 30%.
The three deadliest months were from August 1918 to October 1918. October was a deadly month. The main reason for the outbreak of the Spanish flu epidemic during this time was that infected people were taken to hospitals by crowded trains. Some people believe that the virus does not survive in the graveyards of some cold countries. But scientists believe that an organism is necessary for a virus to survive.