Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels. Women who have PCOS, produce more hormone than normal. These hormonal imbalances cause them to miss menstruation and make pregnancy difficult. Lifestyle interventions are the first treatment recommended by doctors for PCOS, and they often work well.
PCOS symptoms can be treated to reduce weight gain and improve pregnancy outcomes. If lifestyle changes do not work, medication is an option. Both birth control pills and Metformin can restore normal menstrual cycles and alleviate PCOS symptoms.
PCOS disrupts a woman’s menstrual cycle and makes pregnancy difficult. High levels of male hormones can cause unwanted symptoms such as facial and body hair growth. Read the first article for more information.
Here is what you need to know about pregnancy with PCOS,
- Risks to Mothers
- Risks to the baby
- PCOS Symptoms
Risks of becoming a mother with PCOS
Having PCOS makes it difficult for you to get pregnant. Hormone imbalance can be blamed. Women with PCOS are more likely to be obese and rely on reproductive technology for pregnancy. One study found that 60% of women with PCOS were obese. Nearly 14% of women get the reproductive technology needed for pregnancy. Women who have PCOS are at increased risk for several medical complications throughout life.
- Insulin resistance
- Type 2 diabetes
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Sleep apnea
For pregnant women, PCOS carries an increased risk of complications. This includes preeclampsia, a dangerous condition for mother and baby. The recommended treatment to treat the symptoms is to deliver the baby and placenta.
Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of childbirth timing based on the severity of your symptoms and the gestational age of the baby. If you have preeclampsia during pregnancy, you should be monitored closely. High blood pressure (Hypertension) and gestational diabetes are other factors that cause pregnancy.
Having gestational diabetes can lead to having a bigger child than a normal child. This can lead to problems in childbirth. For example, large infants are at increased risk for shoulder dysplasia (when the baby is trap in a baby during childbirth).
Many PCOS symptoms during pregnancy can be treated with careful monitoring. If you have gestational diabetes, you need insulin to keep your blood sugar levels stable.
Risks to the baby
Unfortunately, having PCOS during pregnancy complicates things a bit. It requires more supervision for you and your child.
The risks associated with PCOS for baby include,
- Premature birth
- Pregnancy increases with age
If your child is a girl, some studies have revealed that she has a 50% chance of getting PCOS. Because women with PCOS have large numbers of babies, they undergo cesarean section. Other complications may occur during childbirth.
Pregnancy with PCOS
Some women may not know they have PCOS until they try to conceive. PCOS is often unknown. But if you have been trying to conceive naturally for a few years, you should talk to your doctor about testing.
Your doctor can help you make a plan for pregnancy. Some strategies, such as weight loss, healthy eating, and, in some cases, medications, can increase your chances of getting pregnant.
PCOS and Breastfeeding
If you suffer from PCOS, you may want to control your symptoms even after pregnancy. But symptoms and severity may vary. Sometimes hormonal fluctuations and breastfeeding symptoms can change after pregnancy, so it may be a while before you are back to your “normal” state.
Even if you take insulin medications to control your blood sugar, breastfeeding with PCOS is safe. Women with gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing type two diabetes later in life, but breastfeeding can reduce that risk. You can have a successful breastfeeding experience.
Some of the mostly common symptoms of PCOS are:
- Cysts on the ovaries
- Insulin resistance
- Male patterns baldness and acne
- Suppressed ovulation
- Excessive weight gain
- Increase the weight of the waist
- Dark and thick spots on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs
- Pelvic pain
- Anxiety or depression
- Sleep apnea
There is currently no cure for PCOS. Alternatives to managing symptoms include birth control pills, weight loss, and other androgen-blocking medications.
Along with other fertility drugs, Metformin, which helps regulate blood sugar, helps to cause ovulation.
The most important thing to know about PCOS and pregnancy is that the complications are very real. That is why taking steps to have a healthy pregnancy is more important than ever. Talk to your doctor, follow a pregnancy-safe exercise and diet program. These are all the recommended regulations for controlling PCOS during pregnancy.